Mango is an English name originated from Malayalam word “Mangga”. Mango is considered to be king of fruits in Asia especially in India.
Mango is the national fruit of India as it symbolizes “life” as per Indian belief.
It is believed, the mango was first cultivated somewhere in South Asia 4000 years ago. India alone had produced 19.5 million tons mangoes in 2017 and hold the first position in the production of mango.
Mango is a very nutritious fruit. It contains important vitamins, mineral and other substances like fiber, antioxidants, etc. It has many health benefits from constipation to brain health.
Apart from the nutritious, mango has a delicious and luscious taste. So, it is the most consumable fruits worldwide as well as India.
Interestingly, mango has many varieties. All types of mango are different in taste, size, and weight.
Top 11 Mango Varieties in India
Alphonso Mango: ( Hapuz or Hafoos or Aapoos)
Alphonso mango developed by first Portuguese after his arrival to India. Konkan, Maharastra, and Goa was the first place of India where Alphonso mango was introduced after the Portuguese colony ( Portuguese colony was set up by Portuguese to stay in India).
Alphonso mango is the most expensive varieties of mango.
Major producing city of Alphonso mangos is, Ratnagiri, Konkan, Sindhugurg, and Konkan.
Badami mango is very much similar to Alphonso, So it also called Alphonso of Karnataka. Badami mango has a very delicious taste. It is a bit expensive.
Chaunsa is a very famous variety of mango, originated in Bihar. Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri made it famous. He termed “Chaunsa” after defeating Humayun (A Mughal Emperor) at Chaunsa (Buxar-1539 ).
Chaunsa mango has sweet-smelling and great taste. It is full of nutrition except for fiber, which makes it the most popular mango in the world.
Dasheri mango is another very popular varieties of mango grown in India. Its origin is Dasheri, near Kakori, UP(India). Actually, it was first cultivated* at the orchard of Nawab Mohammad Ansar Zaidi around 200 years ago. Dasheri mango has a very delicious taste as well as the aroma.
Name given to varieties of mangos grown in India has a historical connection.
“Langra” a superior varieties of mango origin is Varanasi.
I mean mother tree of this variety exists in Varanasi. Interestingly the owner of that tree was lame, the mango was so termed Langra.
Baiganapalle is also known, Banginapalli, Safeda, and Benishan.
This variety of mangos grown mainly in Andhra Pradesh. Benishan is a name given after the Nawab of Banganpalle.
Neelam mango looks very good. It has good aroma and scent. Neelam is much famous mango in Hyderabad. Although it is grown in many parts of India as well as Pakistan
Amrapali is also a great variety of mango. It was developed at the start of the eighteen century as a hybrid variety of Dasheri and Neelum. Amrapali contains three times more beta carotene than other types of mango.
Malgova is mainly grown in South India, especially in Tamilnadu. It is a very important mango cultivar, full of nutrition, great in taste. Malgova is also known as Malgoa. Malgova is considered to be one of the finest types of mango cultivar.
Bombay mango was originated in Jamaica. Actually, seeds were taken therefrom India and developed this finest mango cultivar in the 19th century. Luckily this variety of mango became very famous because of its flavor and taste.
Gir Kesar or Kesar Mango
Gir Kesar mango is also an expensive variety of mango in India. It is grown mainly in Gujrat( Saurashtra region). Gir Kesar mango was first grown in 1931. Gir Kesar is the second mango variety registered with GI(geographical indication).
You can go through following tables for deeper details of each state Mango Production and Types.
How many varieties of mango are there in India?
There are 283 types of mango in India alone. But only 30 out of 283 types of mangos are well known.
Now, you are aware of mango is loaded with important nutrition. How does mango affect your health?
Let us know, mango benefits.
Health benefits of mango:
Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber, and interestingly mango is a great source of pectin that helps to lower cholesterol levels in your body. A recent study tells, pectin could prevent the development of cancer. Polyphenols in mango have a chemotherapeutic potential against breast cancer as per the study of Texas A&M University.
Vitamin A is very important for overall eye health and vision. Beta carotene is also called Provitamin A. Mango is a good source of Beta carotene.
Mango also helps regulate digestion. As it contains some very important substances like esters, terpenes, and aldehydes. Mango increases appetite and keeps your digestive system healthy.
Mango helps cure acne. Mango contains skin-friendly vitamin a and c. You can include it in your diet or simple apply (pulp) on your affected area for 10 minutes, then wash off.
Mango contains potassium, magnesium, selenium, calcium, iron and phosphorous. These important mineral helps maintain blood pressure and keeps your body healthy.
Mango boost immunity power as mango contains a good amount of Vitamin C.
People with diabetes need not worry about eating yummy mango. Yes, article published on the US national library of medicine national institute of health clearly suggests supplementing with mango for 12 weeks can reduce blood sugar level in obese adult. It further says fiber in mango good in promoting normal blood sugar.
Vitamin B6 is a very important micronutrient that needed to proper brain function. Mango is loaded with vitamin b6 too.
Conclusion: India produces a number of mangoes varieties, some of them are very popular in India as well as abroad. Mango is loaded with many important nutrient and substances that make it a very healthy fruit. Mango has become very popular fruit all over the world, Because of its unique taste, aroma and amazing health benefits.