5 Sweetest mangoes in India : 10 top varieties of mango of India

a kid eating mango in competion

India is still the largest producer of mangoes in the world. The more mangoes India produces, the more the demand for Indian mangoes increases. But if I ask you, how many varieties of mango have you eaten so far? Some of you may say that they have eaten 5,6 or 10 varieties of mangoes. Which mango was the sweetest you ate? The variety of mango you prefer is not necessarily the sweetest and tastiest. To make you aware of the types of Indian mangoes correctly, I have compiled the list of sweetest mangoes in India.

Mango is the most popular and most consumed fruit in the world. But, do you know that mangoes originated in India? (east region of India and Myanmar) It was first grown in India 4000-5000 years ago. Due to its unique taste, sweetness, nutrition, and aroma, its seeds were first grown in Asia by transporting them from India, then gradually mango spread throughout the world.

India produces over 1000 varieties of mangoes. Some Indians are familiar with 283 mango varieties (very fewer people), most Indians are familiar with 5-15 mango varieties, or have enjoyed these varieties of mangoes in their lives. Due to its long-range, it is not possible to eat all types of mangoes in 1 session. When it grows in your country, it is better to eat only those mango varieties that are the best in India.

Being an India, you should know that mango is the national fruit of India, and has a sacred place because the name of mango is mentioned in Hinduism scripture.

All varieties of mango vary in taste, nutrition, smell, size, and weight. This means that all mangoes are not the same, you must have observed it.

Background: Mango is an English name originated from the Malayalam word “Mangga”. India has been cultivating mangoes for 4000-5000 years. The technical (biological) name of mango is Mangifera indica. Mango is popularly known as “AAM” in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. I have categorized mango varieties into sections so that you can remember it for a long time.

 

a kid eating in competion

5 sweetest mangoes in India

Mango Variety
Taste Sugar (%)
Carbohydrate (gm)
1. Amrapali Very Sweet 5.17 27 gm /100 gm
2. Gopalbhog Very Sweet
4.95 15. 5gm /100 gm
3. Khirsapat Very Sweet
4.86 23.4 gm /100 gm
4. Kohitor Very Sweet
5.48* 11 gm /100 gm
5. Chaunsa Sweet
4.82 25 gm /100 gm

 

But, keep in mind that the sweetness of the mango is not the only criterion to be best. You have a lot of things to consider when ranking top variety.

Top 10 Mango Varieties in India: How to identify them

    • #1: Alphonso Mango
    • #2: Badami Mango
    • #3: Chaunsa Mango
    • #4: Dasheri Mango
    • #5: Langra Mango
    • #6: Baiganpalli Mango
    • #7: Fazli
    • #8: Mulgoba Mango
    • #9: Bombay Mango
    • #10: Gir Kesar or Kesar Mango

Everyone has a different taste, whatever mango cultivar you like, your mother does not necessarily like the same mango cultivar. The list of top 11 mango varieties has been prepared on the basis of consumption, taste, smell, nutrition, and availability, etc.

  • The above list is not intended to encourage or discourage any variety of mangoes.

#1: Alphonso Mango

Alphonso mango top variety in indiaAlphonso mango:- Alphonso mango is also known as Hapuz, Hafoos, or Aapoos. Alphonso is the finest variety of mango, also considered to be king of mango because of its rich flavor, delicious taste, and maintained sweetness.

The availability of Alphonso mango is limited, urban people can get it easily. Another reason for its limited availability is its price. To enjoy it you have to pay a little more than the normal mango varieties.

Alphonso is one of the oldest mango cultivars in India. This variety of mango was developed by the first Portuguese after his arrival in India. Konkan, Maharashtra, and Goa was the first place in India where Alphonso mango was introduced after the Portuguese colony ( Portuguese colony was set up by Portuguese to stay in India).

Mango is a seasonal fruit. Alphonso mango season starts from May and lasts till June.

Do you know the most expensive mango varieties in India?.

Obviously, it is Alphonso. Alphonso is so costly, only you can buy it in the metro cities of India. Major producing cities of Alphonso mangoes are Ratnagiri, Konkan, and Sindhugurg.

Season of Alphonso mango

Mango is a seasonal fruit. Alphonso mango season starts from May and lasts till June. (Which means you can buy Alphonso mangoes from the market these days.)

*May be delayed due to heavy rains, change in weather and natural phenomena.

#2: Badami Mango

badami mangoes

By now you came to know that mango is the king of fruits, Alphonso is the king of mangoes. Another amazing fact I would like to add here is that Badami mango is rated like Alphonso mango by South Indian. Badami mango is very much similar to Alphonso It is also an expensive type of mango.

Badami season begins slightly before Alphonso mangoes.

#3: Chaunsa Mango

Do you remember Indian history, when was the Battle of Chausa and when was this battle fought? Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri made chaunsa mango very famous throughout the country. He had termed it, “Chaunsa” after defeating Humayun (A Mughal Emperor) at Chaunsa (Buxar-1539 ).

Chaunsa is a very famous variety of mango And is mostly found in the northern parts of India.

Chaunsa mango has sweet-smelling and great taste. When it comes to the sweetness of mango, no other type of mango can best Chaunsa mango. It is full of nutrition, The pulp is very juicy. Which makes it the most popular mango in the world. People usually like to eat it by sucking it, not by chopping. Chaunsa mango is very succulent and equally sweet. This mango is as famous in Pakistan as it is in India.

Shape and Color of Chaunsa Mango:- Ripe chaunsa mango is golden-yellow color and soft. Its shape is longer than wide with a tint of red blush. (Not a rectangle one – like oblong shape)

Season of Chaunsa mango:- It is a late variety of mango, usually available in the market in July and lasts till August.

#4: Dasheri Mango

dasheri mango at the orchard

Dasheri mango is another very popular variety of mango grown in India. Its origin is Dasheri, near Kakori, UP(India). Actually, it was first cultivated* at the orchard of Nawab Mohammad Ansar Zaidi around 200 years ago.

Dasheri mango is often referred to as Malihabadi mango. Some people call it dussehri too. Dasheri mango has a very delicious taste as well as the aroma.

The price of Dasheri mangoes is neither expensive nor cheap. It is easily available across India. It is not wider in size but is longer (long and oval). After the ripening of Dussehri mango, its peels turn into a combination of yellow and green. Sometimes its skin turns bright yellow.

A surprising fact about Dussehri mango is that it is the mother of many varieties of mangoes in India.

Dasheri mango is available in the market before the arrival of Chaunsa mango. To be honest, mango lovers eagerly await the arrival of Dasheri mangoes in the month of June every year.

#5: Langra Mango

raw langra mangoes on tree

Isn’t it weird to hear the name “Langra Mango” or “Lame mango”? Sometimes people get confused after knowing its name, is it a handicap variety of mango? See, Langra is only a name for it, but this variety of mango is unmatched as far as its taste, aroma, and flesh are concerned.

There is a historical angle behind its name like Chaunsa aam. The first langra mango tree was planted by a lame farmer in Banaras in the 17th century. People used to call him “langra” (like a nickname).

When his planted tree gave mango fruit, that new variety of mango became very popular due to its taste and aroma, etc, and people started calling this mango langra aam or langra mango.

Over time, this mango gained fame all over India but in the name of its first name langra mango.

#6: Baiganpalli Mango

south indian finest variety of mango baiganpalle

The list of top mango varieties in India is incomplete without adding the South Indian most popular mango variety Baiganpalli.

Baiganapalle is also known, Banginapalli, Safeda, and Benishan. Don’t be confused if your father likes Baiganpalli and mother likes safeda.

Banganapalle is a town in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, this variety of mango has been cultivated there for a long time. Hence mango is also named Banganapalle. Bengpal Mango successfully received the GI tag in 2007. (Geographical identification is given only to products that are found only in a specific area.)

Usually, Baiganapalle weighs between 350-400 grams. Mango is meant to be eaten without its skin, but Safeda can be eaten with its peel, its skin thin like a napkin. It has a unique aroma, delicious taste.

#7: Fazli Mango

bigger size of mango variety fazli or fozli mango

In general, 1 mango is consumed by 1 person but 1 fazli mango can be consumed by all the members of the family as it weighs about 1 kg. Fazli mango is the best mango in Malda category.

Its pulp is juicy and sweet. Bihar and West Bengal are the main areas of production of Fazli mangoes. When most of the mangoes types in the market run out, it comes to sell. Like other types of mango, its pulp does not contain fiber but has a good smell.

Fazli mango is available from the 1st-2nd week of July. ( maturity date between 1st July to 15 July).

#8: Mulgoba Mango

malgova mango in large quantity

Malgova is mainly grown in South India, especially in Tamilnadu. It is a very important mango cultivar, full of nutrition, great in taste. Malgoba is also known as Malgova. Malgova is considered to be one of the finest types of mango cultivar.

Those of you familiar with Malgova mangoes who live or travel in South India. It has good demand in the session. In fact, it is one of the few South Indian mangoes that is liked by all.

Malgova mango shape is oblique round, color is yellow and skin is hard, but the size is large.

#9: Bombay Green Mango (Bombay Malda)

bombay green or bombay malda

Bombay Green is also popular in the northern part of India as Bombay Malda. North India is its main place of production. In the northern part, it is available in the market at the beginning of the mango season from May.

Bombay mango has a medium size with spinach green and is oval rectangular in shape. As it tastes good and its initial availability remains in demand in the market.

#10: Gir Kesar or Kesar Mango

gujrati mango kesar or gir kesar

Gir Kesar mango is also an expensive variety of mango in India. It is grown mainly in Gujarat ( Saurashtra region). Gir Kesar mango was first grown in 1931. Gir Kesar is the second mango variety registered with GI(geographical indication).

Kesar mango is medium in size but has great sweetness and flavor. Like most types of mangoes, its pulp has less fiber. Gir Kesar is so good that it is imported to outside countries.

You are more or less familiar with the top ten types of mangoes. You might have tasted all varieties of mangoes in your life but you may not have been an expert to identify them with references to history etc. I take you through another section of mango types categorization.

The second list includes 20 different types of mangoes, many of which may be your favorite.

List of another 21 types of mango you should be familiar with

    1. Amrapali
    2. Neelam
    3. Raspuri
    4. Totapuri
    5. Dudhiya Malda
    6. Himayat / Imam Pasand
    7. Himsagar
    8. Laxman Bhog
    9. Mallika
    10. Manohar
    11. Guiab Khas
    12. Zardalu
    13. Kishenbhog
    14. Sukul
    15. Jardalu
    16. Pairi
    17. Mankurad
    18. Vanraj
    19. Mithua
    20. Calcutta maldah
    21. Neelgoa.

 

Mango is grown in almost every part of India, but some states are the highest producers of mangoes. Uttar Pradesh ranks first. States which are known to produce commercial varieties of mangoes are the following.

Production of Mango varieties -State Wise

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State

 

Mango Varieties

 

Andhra Pradesh Allumpur Baneshan, Banganapalli, Bangalora, Cherukurasam, Himayuddin, Suvernarekha, Neelum, Totapuri
Bihar Bathua, Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Sukul, Gulab Khas, Zardalu, Langra, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli
Goa Fernandin, Mankurad
Gujarat Alphonso, Kesar, Rajapuri, Vanraj, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari, Langra
Haryana Dashehari, Langra, Sarauli, Chausa, Fazli
Himachal Pradesh Chausa, Dashehari, Langra
Jharkhand Jardalu, Amrapalli, Mallika, Bombai, Langra, Himsagar, Chausa, Gulabkhas
Karnataka Alphonso, Bangalora, Mulgoa, Neelum, Pairi, Baganapalli, Totapuri
Kerala Mundappa, Olour, Pairi
Madhya Pradesh Alphonso, Bombay Green, Langra, Sunderja, Dashehari, Fazli, Neelum, Amrapalli, Mallika
Maharashtra Alphonso, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Pairi, Rajapuri, Kesar, Gulabi, Vanraj
Orissa Baneshan, Langra, Neelum, Suvarnarekha, Amrapalli, Mallika
Punjab Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Malda
Rajasthan Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Langra
Tamil Nadu Banganapalli, Bangalora, Neelum, Rumani, Mulgoa, Alphonso, Totapuri
Uttar Pradesh Bombay Green, Dashehari, Langra, Safeda Lucknow, Chausa, Fazli
West Bengal Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Langra, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Amrapalli, Mallika

List of 5 Hybrid mangoes in India

  1. Amrapali (From a cross of Dasheri and Neelum)
  2. Mallika (Dasheri and Neelum)
  3. Ratna (Neelum and Alphonso)
  4. Sindhu (Ratna and Alphonso)
  5. Arka Aruna (Baiganpalle and Alphonso)

Mango Nutrition Fact & Health Benefits of Mango

Mango Nutrition Fact (Raw mango-100 gm)

Name
Amount Unit
Water 83.46 gm
Protein 0.8
gm
Fiber 1.6
gm
Sugar 13.66
gm
Copper 0.111 mg
Potassium 168
mg
Calcium 11
mg
Vitamin A 1081 IU
Vitamin C 36.4 mg
Vitamin K 4.2 µg
Vitamin E
0.9 mg
Niacin 0.669 mg
Vitamin B6 0.119 mg

 

Health benefits of mango:

  • Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber, and interestingly mango is a great source of pectin that helps to lower cholesterol levels in your body.
    A recent study tells, pectin could prevent the development of cancer. Polyphenols in mango have a chemotherapeutic potential against breast cancer as per the study of Texas A&M University.
  • Vitamin A is very important for overall eye health and vision. Beta carotene is also called Provitamin A. Mango is a good source of Beta carotene.
  • Mango also helps regulate digestion. As it contains some very important substances like esters, terpenes, and aldehydes. Mango increases appetite and keeps your digestive system healthy.
  • Mango helps cure acne. Mango contains skin-friendly Vitamin A and C. You can include it in your diet or simply apply (pulp) on your affected area for 10 minutes, then wash off.
    Mango contains potassium, magnesium, selenium, calcium, iron, and phosphorous. These important mineral helps maintain blood pressure and keeps your body healthy.
  • Mango boost immunity power as mango contains a good amount of Vitamin C.
  • People with diabetes need not worry about eating yummy mango. Yes, an article published on the US national library of medicine national institute of health clearly suggests supplementing with mango for 12 weeks can reduce blood sugar levels in obese adults. It further says fiber in mango good in promoting normal blood sugar.
  • Vitamin B6 is a very important micro-nutrient that needed for proper brain function. Mango is loaded with vitamin b6 too.

 

Muzaffarpur Litchi: A Risky Fruit With Amazing Health Benefits.

muzaffarpur lychee

However, many fruits are cultivated in India which are very famous in-country and abroad. But I want to talk about the disputed fruit, which is very nutritious as well as beneficial for life, but some controversy has always been related to it, Yes that is Muzaffarpur litchi.

Litchi is a seasonal fruit that is loaded with high nutrition, And Muzaffarpur is a place in India where it is grown in large quantities.

I am trying to find out the controversy related to Muzaffarpur litchi in 2019 last year, whether the news of poison found in Muzaffarpur litchi was real or was it just a rumor.

It is necessary to know the truth of Muzaffarpur litchi. The truth of lychee will decide whether you should eat litchi or not. Let us know the facts of Muzaffarpur litchi.

Page Contents

Litchi History (Origin of Lychee)

muzaffarpur litchi garden

 

Lychee or Litchi has been cultivated over 3000 years. Its origin is Southern China. Lychee originated in China and spread to India through Burma and other parts of the world. India, Vietnam, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Indonesia, Israel, and Thailand, etc are the major producer of lychee followed by China.

Lychee has many cultivars like mango, I will discuss this further in this article ahead.

Muzaffarpur litchi (lychee)

muzaffarpur shahi litchi in bucket

 

Muzaffarpur is a famous place for litchi cultivation. Muzaffarpur is best known for good quality of litchi production in India and worldwide (Muzaffarpur is one of 38 districts in Bihar and part of Tirhut subdivision.).

Shahi litchi is good varieties of litchi, are grown mainly in Muzaffarpur district and adjoining areas of, Vaishali, Begusarai, Samastipur and Begusarai districts.

Muzaffarpur produces Shahi, China and other varieties of litchi, but Shahi litchi of Muzaffarpur is very popular. IIt is always in high demand in other states of India as well as abroad. In Muzaffarpur (Bihar) it is called Shahi Litchi due to its unique aroma or fragrance.

 Fruit weight ranges from 20-15 gm. Muzaffarpur Shahi litchi gets matured in the last week of April. One tree of litchi produces approx 150 kg of fruits. (min-100 kg, max 150 kg).

One fact I want to mention here in relation to Muzaffarpur Shahi Litchi is that it has got a GI tag. (GI tag is given to a product for its specific geographic origin).

Muzaffarpur Children death (Litchi Poison )

In 2019, India and other countries were shocked by the sudden death of children in Muzaffarpur. The number of children who died was more than 150, and the number of seriously ill children was twice the number of children who died.

All children who died or became ill had 2 things in common.
First, all those children were very poor and malnourished.
Second, all those children chose the lychee that fell in the garden of lychee. 

It is a bitter fact that all those afflicted children ate litchi. Was there a connection between the deaths of children and litchi? 

There was chaos all around, people stopped eating litchi.  As it is believed, lychee contained poison that led to the incident. But this was the only speculation until Dr. Jacob wrote an article in the leading Indian newspaper. 

Dr. T Jacob John a retired professor of virology CMC Vellore confirmed a toxin found in Litchi, that cause death in a malnourished child. Actually, in 2012-13, a two-member of Indo-US Virologist headed by DR Jacob suspected and confirmed, a toxin found in litchi that caused to hypoglycaemic encephalopathy. This toxin is called methylene cyclopropyl glycine (MCPG).

He further explained in the article, Lychee toxin (MCPG) develops hypoglycaemic encephalopathy in a malnourished child. Do not be confused with encephalitis.

A malnourished child, who eats litchi and goes to bed empty stomach, develops hypoglycaemic encephalopathy. The reason is simple, your brain needs a normal level of glucose in the blood to function properly. Whenever your blood runs below the normal glucose level, glycogen (the glucose reserved in the liver) breaks down into glucose and meets the deficiency.

A malnourished child who goes to sleep only after eating litchi develops hypoglycemia (A condition when the blood glucose level is too low). A toxin in litchi blocks the alternate supply of glucose to the brain. Thus malnourished children develop hypoglycaemic encephalopathy.

You can read  Dr. Jacob’s articles here about litchi toxin.

 

Litchi in India (Lychee in Bharat)

immature litchi in muzffarpur orchards

India produces 428900 metric tones of lychee alone per year and holds 2nd position in the world. Lychee is very sensitive to climate. So, it is grown in a few states of India. Bihar is the top producer of Lychee in India.

Where is litchi grown in India?

Lychee is grown mainly in  Bihar, UP(Uttar Pradesh), WB( West Bengal), Tripura, Punjab, Haryana, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Assam, and Uttrakhand. Surprisingly, Bihar alone contribute 40-45% in total production as per government record.

What season does litchi grow?

lychee gets matured in the first 1st and 2nd week of May in the eastern region of India. Harvest time starts in Bihar 3rd and 4th week of May. Generally, that is the time when lychee get matured in Bihar. While litchi is harvested in the 2nd and 3rd week of June in UP and Punjab. Litchi in Himachal gets harvested in the last week of June.

 

Litchi Cultivar in India ( Varieties of Lychee in India)

litchi-varieties-in-india

 

India grows many cultivars of litchi. You should not be surprised if the same cultivar is known under different names at different places. It is believed to have 33 varieties of litchi in India. Each variety of lychee grown in India are different in taste, size, and shape, which could be classified into 15 groups that are following.

15 cultivars of Litchi in India

  • #1: China
  • #2: Shahi
  • #3: Bedana
  • #4: Late Bedana
  • #5: Dehra Rose
  • #6: Dehra Dun
  • #7: Ajhauli
  • #8: Deshi
  • #9: Green
  • #10: Kasba
  • #11: Longia
  • #12: Purbi
  • #13: Rose Scented
  • #14: Trikolia
  • #15: CD(5%)

Also read about,

Litchi nutrients fact (Nutrition of lychee)

nutrition fact of litchi

Lychee is a nutritious fruit. It contains, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, fibrous matter, calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, vitamin B1, riboflavin, vitamin C, the content of sodium and saturated fat, flavonoids, and polyphenols.

Flavonoids are known to have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.

Polyphenols may regulate the metabolism of the body, weight, chronic disease, and cell proliferation.

Health benefits of litchi (lychee health benefits)

amazing health benefits of litchi

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Litchi has drawn the attention of medical fraternity in recent days. Litchi is one of few fruits on this planet which all parts including pulp, peel, and seed all are used for health benefits.


Litchi contains important substances with antioxidants that make it functional fruit with anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial effects.


Phytochemicals are a bioactive non-nutrient compound found in fruits, grains, and vegetables. Some chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and heart diseases, etc caused by oxidative stress. But, it is phytochemicals that prevent and treat these chronic diseases. Tannins, flavones, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, and alkaloids are some of the known phytochemicals. ( Trusted Source )


Surprisingly litchi also consists of phytochemicals.
Sounds good?

Here are all Health Benefits of Litchi With Reliable Sources.

Litchi May Prevent Cancer

Cancer doesn’t develop overnight in humans. Many factors are responsible for the development of the cancer cell. Peroxyl radicals and lipid peroxidation are free radicals, that can cause mutations on DNA resulting beginning of the carcinogenic process.
But antioxidant phytochemicals in litchi may prevent the initial carcinogenesis process by protecting DNA damage. ( Trusted Source )

Oligonol in Litchi may prevent diabetes

Oligonol is a kind of polyphenol with low molecular weight. It is derived from litchi fruit extract.
A recent study found oligonol has a strong anti-diabetic effect.

Litchi may boosts immunity

Lychee is a good source of Vitamin C., In fact, a single serving of lychee fulfills the daily requirement of Vitamin C in your body. Vitamin C in the litchi strengthens your immune system and make you healthy.

Litchi may aids digestion

Lychee is good for someone, who has a digestive problem. Litchi helps to release digestive enzymes in the body so foods are absorbed more efficiently. A single serving of litchi can treat your digestive problem. The fiber in the litchi may relief from constipation.

Litchi may control blood pressure

Lychee contains a good amount of potassium but less amount of sodium, that helps in maintaining fluid balance in the body.

Litchi may boosts blood circulation

Copper helps boost the production of red cells in the body. Interestingly lychees are a good source of copper. Red blood cells in your body improve blood circulation.

Lychee may aids weight loss

Litchi contains dietary fibers, fibers are good substances to lose weight. It has no cholesterol and saturated fat. Litchi is a low-calorie fruit.

Litchi may maintain healthy bones

Litchi contains many important minerals like copper, magnesium, iron, and phosphorus. These all minerals play a vital role in calcium absorption in the body, which also increases the effectiveness of Vitamin D in the body.

Conclusion: It is obvious litchi contains a toxin but it doesn’t have a bad health effect on normal children and people. Rather it has amazing health benefits. But, malnourished children can be affected if consumed and go to bed on an empty stomach. That is an exceptional case in my point of view. you must eat Muzaffarpur lychee for good taste and optimal health benefits.

Mango Varieties: Know Best Mango in India

all mango varieties in india

Mango is considered to be king of fruits in India. Mango is the national fruit of India as it symbolizes “life” as per Indian belief. India is a larger producer of mango in the world. There are many varieties of mangoes grown. India alone produces 250 plus mango varieties.

All mango varieties are different in taste, nutrition, scent, size, and weight. It means all mangoes are not the same. Only 30 types of mangoes are well known in India that also widely consumed.

So, I dedicated this article to the most consumable and popular varieties of mangoes in India that are good in taste and full of nutrition.

Background: Mango is an English name originated from the Malayalam word “Mangga”. It is believed, the mango was first cultivated somewhere in South Asia 4000 years ago.

Mango is a very nutritious fruit. It contains important vitamins, minerals and other substances like fiber, antioxidants, etc. Mango has many health benefits from constipation to brain health.

Apart from the nutritious and healthy fruit, mango has a delicious and luscious taste. So, it is the most consumable fruits worldwide.

 Top 11 Mango Varieties in India

#1: Alphonso Mango

 

Alphonso mango:- Alphonso mango is also known as Hapuz, Hafoos or Aapoos. Alphonso is finest varieties of mango, also considered to be king of mango because of its rich flavor, delicious taste and maintained sweetness.

Alphonso mango developed by the first Portuguese after his arrival to India. Konkan, Maharastra, and Goa was the first place of India where Alphonso mango was introduced after the Portuguese colony ( Portuguese colony was set up by Portuguese to stay in India).

Do you know most expensive mango in India?.

Obviously, Alphonso,

Alphonso is so costly, only you can buy it in the metro cities of India.

Major producing city of Alphonso mangoes are, Ratnagiri, Konkan, Sindhugurg, and Konkan.

#2: Badami Mango

pair of badami mango

 

 

Badami mango is very much similar to Alphonso, So it called Alphonso of Karnataka. Badami mango has a very delicious taste like Alphonso,  It is also an expensive type of mango. 

#3: Chaunsa Mango

fresh chaunsa aam

Chaunsa is a very famous variety of mango, originated in Bihar. Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri made it famous. He termed “Chaunsa” after defeating Humayun (A Mughal Emperor) at Chaunsa (Buxar-1539 ).

Chaunsa mango has sweet-smelling and great taste. It is full of nutrition except for fiber, which makes it the most popular mango in the world.

#4: Dasheri Mango

fresh dashari aam or mango

 

 Dasheri mango is another very popular varieties of mango grown in India. Its origin is Dasheri, near Kakori, UP(India). Actually, it was first cultivated* at the orchard of Nawab Mohammad Ansar Zaidi around 200 years ago. Dasheri mango has a very delicious taste as well as the aroma.

#5: Langra Mango

 

Name given to varieties of mangos grown in India has a historical connection.

“Langra” a superior varieties of mango origin is Varanasi.

I mean mother tree of this variety exists in Varanasi. Interestingly the owner of that tree was lame, the mango was so termed Langra.

#6: Baiganpalli Mango

pair of baigan palli mango

 

 

Baiganapalle is also known, Banginapalli, Safeda, and Benishan.

This variety of mangos grown mainly in Andhra Pradesh. Benishan is a name given after the Nawab of Banganpalle.

#7: Neelam Mango

neelam mangoes kept on plate

 

 

Neelam mango looks very good. It has good aroma and scent. Neelam is much famous mango in Hyderabad. Although it is grown in many parts of India as well as Pakistan

#8: Amrapali Mango

great taste amrapali mango

Amrapali is also a great variety of mango. It was developed at the start of the eighteen century as a hybrid variety of Dasheri and Neelum. Amrapali contains three times more beta carotene than other types of mango.

#9: Mulgoba Mango

fresh mulgoba mango in display

 

Malgova is mainly grown in South India, especially in Tamilnadu. It is a very important mango cultivar, full of nutrition, great in taste. Malgova is also known as Malgova. Malgova is considered to be one of the finest types of mango cultivar.

#10: Bombay Mango

bombaiya malda or bombay mango

 

 

Bombay mango was originated in Jamaica. Actually, seeds were taken therefrom India and developed this finest mango cultivar in the 19th century. Luckily this variety of mango became very famous because of its flavor and taste.

#11: Gir Kesar or Kesar Mango

gujrati kesar mango

 

 

Gir Kesar mango is also an expensive variety of mango in India. It is grown mainly in Gujrat( Saurashtra region). Gir Kesar mango was first grown in 1931. Gir Kesar is the second mango variety registered with GI(geographical indication).

How many varieties of mango are there in India?

There are 283 types of mangoes grown in India. But only 30 out of 283 types of mangoes are well known. Here is the list of  30 well known mangoes in India. Some varieties of mango fall in top category all over the world including India.

  1. Alphonso
  2. Amrapali
  3. Badami
  4. Chaunsa
  5. Cherukurasamu
  6. Chinnarasamu
  7. ChokAnan
  8. Dasheri
  9. Dudhiya Malda
  10. Gir Kesar
  11. Himayat / Imam Pasand
  12. Himsagar
  13. Julie
  14. Kalepad
  15. Katchamitha
  16. Kothapalli
  17. Kobbari
  18. Lakshmanbhog
  19. Langra
  20. Mallika
  21. Manohar
  22. Mulgoba
  23. Neelam
  24. Panakalu
  25. Panchadharakalasa
  26. Peddarasamu
  27. Raspuri
  28. Sammar Bahisht
  29. Swarnarekha
  30. Totapuri

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You can go through the following tables for deeper details of each state Mango Production and Types.

Production of Mango State Wise

State

 

Mango Varieties 

Andhra Pradesh

 

 Allumpur Baneshan, Banganapalli, Bangalora, Cherukurasam, Himayuddin, Suvernarekha, Neelum, Totapuri

Bihar

 

Bathua, Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Sukul, Gulab Khas, Zardalu, Langra, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli

Goa

 

Fernandin, Mankurad

Gujarat

 

Alphonso, Kesar, Rajapuri, Vanraj, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari, Langra

Haryana

 

Dashehari, Langra, Sarauli, Chausa, Fazli

Himachal Pradesh

 

Chausa, Dashehari, Langra

Jharkhand

 

Jardalu, Amrapalli, Mallika, Bombai, Langra, Himsagar, Chausa, Gulabkhas

Karnataka

 

Alphonso, Bangalora, Mulgoa, Neelum, Pairi, Baganapalli, Totapuri

Kerala

 

Mundappa, Olour, Pairi

Madhya Pradesh

 

Alphonso, Bombay Green, Langra, Sunderja, Dashehari, Fazli, Neelum, Amrapalli, Mallika

Maharashtra

 

Alphonso, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Pairi, Rajapuri, Kesar, Gulabi, Vanraj

Orissa

 

Baneshan, Langra, Neelum, Suvarnarekha, Amrapalli, Mallika

Punjab

 

Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Malda

Rajasthan

 

Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Langra

Tamil Nadu

 

Banganapalli, Bangalora, Neelum, Rumani, Mulgoa, Alphonso, Totapuri

Uttar Pradesh

 

Bombay Green, Dashehari, Langra, Safeda Lucknow, Chausa, Fazli

West Bengal

 

Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Langra, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Amrapalli, Mallika

India is divided in states, most states produce mango.

 

Nutrient Facts of Mango: Raw Mango

Serving Size 100 gm

NutrientAmountUnit
Calories60kcal
Fat0.38g
Protein0.82g
Carbohydrate14.98g
Fructose4.68g
Sucrose6.97g
Glucose (dextrose)2.01g
Hexadecenoic acid0.067g
Tocotrienol, alpha0.03mg
Tocotrienol, beta0.01mg
Tocopherol, beta0.01mg
Tocopherol, gamma0.01mg
Sugars13.66g
Vitamin B60.119mg
Folate43mcg
Pantothenic acid0.197mg
Fiber1.6g
Vitamin A1082IU
Copper, Cu0.111mg
Selenium, Se0.6mcg
Octadecadienoic acid0.019g
Manganese, Mn0.063mg
Choline7.6mg
Zinc, Zn0.09mg
Calcium, Ca11mg
Iron, Fe0.16mg
Magnesium, Mg10mg
Phosphorus, P14mg
Potassium, K168mg
Sodium, Na1mg
Serine0.035g
Monounsaturated fatty acids0.14g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids0.071g
Arginine0.031g
Valine0.042g
Alanine0.082g
Histidine0.019g
Glutamic acid0.096g
Aspartic acid0.068g
Proline0.029g
Glycine0.034g
Lutein + zeaxanthin23mcg
Cryptoxanthin, beta10mcg
Lycopene3mcg
Water83.46g
Niacin0.669mg
Riboflavin0.038mg
Thiamin0.028mg
Phenylalanine0.027g
Tyrosine0.016g
Methionine0.008g
Leucine0.05g
Lysine0.066g
Threonine0.031g
Isoleucine0.029g
Tryptophan0.013g
Vitamin C36.4mg
Saturated fatty acids0.092g
Carotene, alpha9mcg
Vitamin E0.9mg
Vitamin A, RAE54mcg
Carotene, beta640mcg
Octadecatrienoic acid0.051g
Ash0.36g
Tetradecanoic acid0.013g
Hexadecanoic acid0.072g
Dodecanoic acid0.001g
Octadecenoic acid0.075g
Octadecanoic acid0.004g
Folate, DFE43mcg
Folate, food43mcg
Vitamin K4.2mcg
Tocopherol, alpha0.9mg

Now, you are aware of mango is loaded with important nutrition. How does mango affect your health?

Let us know, mango benefits.

 

health benefits of mango

Health benefits of mango:

  • Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber, and interestingly mango is a great source of pectin that helps to lower cholesterol levels in your body.

  •  A recent study tells, pectin could prevent the development of cancer. Polyphenols in mango have a chemotherapeutic potential against breast cancer as per the study of Texas A&M University.

  •  Vitamin A is very important for overall eye health and vision. Beta carotene is also called Provitamin A. Mango is a good source of Beta carotene.

  • Mango also helps regulate digestion. As it contains some very important substances like esters, terpenes, and aldehydes. Mango increases appetite and keeps your digestive system healthy.

  • Mango helps cure acne. Mango contains skin-friendly Vitamin A and C. You can include it in your diet or simply apply (pulp) on your affected area for 10 minutes, then wash off.

  • Mango contains potassium, magnesium, selenium, calcium, iron and phosphorous. These important mineral helps maintain blood pressure and keeps your body healthy.

  • Mango boost immunity power as mango contains a good amount of Vitamin C.

  • People with diabetes need not worry about eating yummy mango. Yes, an article published on the US national library of medicine national institute of health clearly suggests supplementing with mango for 12 weeks can reduce blood sugar level in obese adults. It further says fiber in mango good in promoting normal blood sugar.

  • Vitamin B6 is a very important micronutrient that needed to proper brain function. Mango is loaded with vitamin b6 too.

Conclusion: India produces varieties of mangoes, some of them are very popular in India as well as abroad. Mango is loaded with many important nutrients and substances that make it a very healthy fruit. Mango has become very popular fruit all over the world, Because of its unique taste, aroma and amazing health benefits.

 

 

Proven Health Benefits of Watermelon(2019 updated): {Backed by Science}

sliced watermelon with juice

You can quench your thirst by eating a slice of watermelon in the summer season.

Does watermelon have health benefits too other than keeping you hydrated?

We have dedicated this article to benefits of watermelon and other important factor related to it.

fresh watermelon sliced

 

Facts of Watermelon:

Watermelon was first cultivated in Egypt around 5000 years ago. Because of its unique and powerful quality, many other parts of the world also started harvesting.

China holds the first position in the world in the production of watermelon, While Mexico 10th 

Watermelon is a member of Cucurbitaceae. Let me remind you that cucumber, pumpkin, squash, and gourds also a member of Cucurbitaceae.

Do you know why watermelon is red inside?
Because of Lycopene. Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant. 

Lycopene, ascorbic acid, citrulline, and Vitamin C makes Watermelon a strong anti-oxidant and anti-cancer effect anti-inflammatory fruit.

Watermelon is called, Tarbooz in Hindi, Tarbuj in Manipur, Kadu in Marathi, Eriputccha in Telugu, Kaliangadi balli in Kannada, Tormuj in Bengali, Tarbooj in Urdu and Indrak in Gujrati.

Watermelon Nutrition (Nutrition Facts of Watermelon)

Serving size: 2 cups diced  (10 oz / 280 g)

Watermelon Raw  
Serving size 100 gm
Nutrient Amount Unit
Calories30 kcal
Fat0.15 g
Protein0.61 g
Carbohydrate7.55 g
Maltose0.06 g
Fructose3.36 g
Lactose0 g
Sucrose1.21 g
Glucose (dextrose)1.58 g
Hexadecenoic acid0 g
Tocotrienol, alpha0.01 mg
Tocotrienol, beta0 mg
Tocotrienol, gamma0 mg
Tocotrienol, delta0 mg
Tocopherol, beta0 mg
Tocopherol, gamma0 mg
Tocopherol, delta0 mg
Eicosapentaenoic n-3 acid0 g
Galactose0 g
Theobromine0 mg
Caffeine0 mg
Sugars6.2 g
Vitamin B60.045 mg
Folate3 mcg
Pantothenic acid0.221 mg
Vitamin B120 mcg
Fiber0.4 g
Retinol0 mcg
Vitamin A569 IU
Fluoride, F1.5 mcg
Copper, Cu0.042 mg
Selenium, Se0.4 mcg
Octadecadienoic acid0.05 g
Manganese, Mn0.038 mg
Dihydrophylloquinone0 mcg
Tetradecanoic acid0 g
Hexadecanoic acid0.008 g
Choline4.1 mg
Zinc, Zn0.1 mg
Calcium, Ca7 mg
Iron, Fe0.24 mg
Magnesium, Mg10 mg
Phosphorus, P11 mg
Potassium, K112 mg
Sodium, Na1 mg
Serine0.016 g
Monounsaturated fatty acids0.037 g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids0.05 g
Arginine0.059 g
Valine0.016 g
Alanine0.017 g
Histidine0.006 g
Glutamic acid0.063 g
Aspartic acid0.039 g
Proline0.024 g
Glycine0.01 g
Docosahexaenoic n-3 acid0 g
Eicosatetraenoic acid0 g
Octadecatetraenoic acid0 g
Lutein + zeaxanthin8 mcg
Cryptoxanthin, beta78 mcg
Lycopene4532 mcg
Eicosenoic acid0 g
Betaine0.3 mg
Water91.45 g
Niacin0.178 mg
Riboflavin0.021 mg
Thiamin0.033 mg
Phenylalanine0.015 g
Tyrosine0.012 g
Methionine0.006 g
Cystine0.002 g
Leucine0.018 g
Lysine0.062 g
Threonine0.027 g
Isoleucine0.019 g
Tryptophan0.007 g
Docosenoic acid0 g
Docosapentaenoic n-3 acid0 g
Vitamin C8.1 mg
Phytosterols2 mg
Alcohol, ethyl0 g
Fatty acids, total trans0 g
Butanoic acid0 g
Saturated fatty acids0.016 g
Cholesterol0 mg
Octanoic acid0 g
Hexanoic acid0 g
Carotene, alpha0 mcg
Vitamin E0.05 mg
Vitamin A, RAE28 mcg
Carotene, beta303 mcg
Vitamin D0 IU
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0 mcg
Octadecatrienoic acid0 g
Ash0.25 g
Starch0 g
Decanoic acid0.001 g
Dodecanoic acid0.001 g
Octadecenoic acid0.037 g
Octadecanoic acid0.006 g
Folate, DFE3 mcg
Folate, food3 mcg
Vitamin K0.1 mcg
Folic acid0 mcg
Tocopherol, alpha0.05 mg

It is enriched with  Citrulline, carotenoids, and Flavonoids also

*Percent Daily Values (%DV) are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.

 

Health Benefits of Watermelon:

benefits of watermelon

 

There are many factors which cause cancer. Free radical is one of the possible cause of cancer. As you know, watermelon contains lycopene and vitamin c both work well as antioxidants. Lycopene may lower the risk of prostate cancer according to cancer.gov.
A recent study indicates that a higher concentration of insulin-growth-factor may cause prostate cancer. But, Lycopene may reduce insulin-growth-factor(IGF).

  • Muscle soreness

L-citrulline is an α-amino acid. It helps to relieve muscles soreness.
You can take watermelon juice or watermelon prior to any physical workout. It increases physical performance too.

  • Reduces kidney disorders

A toxin is accumulated by taking medicine or other junk foods in your body over time. Which need to be flushed out to keep your body healthy. Watermelon contains Potassium and Calcium that work well in flushing out the accumulated toxin from your body. Calcium has other important roles to play in your body too.

  • Improves digestion

Fiber and water are boons for constipated people. Interestingly watermelon contains both. You can term it, watermelon is natural remedies of constipation.

  •  Hydrates your body

Everybody knows how important is water. Water keeps your body hydrated. Watermelon has 92% of water and very low in calories. You can eat watermelon as much as you can at the place of water.

  •  Work as antioxidants

Watermelon contains Vitamin C and Lycopene that work as anti-oxidant in your body. Anti-oxidants are compounds that prevent or slow down damage to the cell caused by free radicals. Doctors always advise taking food packed with anti-oxidants.

Watermelon has L-Citrulline. L-Citrulline is a kind of amino acid. Your body converts it into L-arginine. Recent research confirmed, L-arginine may regulate glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity.

  •  Heart Healthy Summertime Treat

The study tells, Lycopene reduces the cholesterol levels in your body and maintain a healthy heart.
Anti-inflammatory properties
Watermelon contains choline that lower chronic inflammation.
As per the “jazabkowski” Lycopene also, is a substance(amino acid) that reduces or suppresses the various inflammatory process.

  • Skin and hair benefits (Watermelon benefits for skin)

Watermelon contains Vitamin A that is boon for your health and skin. It nourishes your skin and hair. Vitamin A keeps your hair and skin moisturized.

 

Varieties of Watermelon :

There are over 50 different varieties of watermelon available in the world. Each variety has many types of watermelon.

You may categorize watermelon in four types Which are following

  1. Seedless Watermelon

chopped seedless watermelon

 

Seedless watermelon seeds are generally not completely matured. It comes in 10-20 pounds

  • Queen of Hearts
  • King of Hearts
  • Jack of Hearts
  • Millionaire
  • Crimson
  • Trio
  • Nova
  1. Picnic watermelon

picnic watermelon kept on table at garden

 

Picnic watermelon usually comes in 16-45 pounds. It is the largest and fit for a group of family.

  • Charleston Gray
  • Black Diamond
  • Jubilee
  • Allsweet
  • Crimson Sweet
  1. Icebox Watermelon Types

 

It is usually smaller in size. One can easily eat. The melon weighs from 5-15 pounds.

  • Sugar Baby
  • the Tiger Baby
  1. Yellow/Orange Watermelons

half chopped and full yellow watermelon

 

  •  Desert King
  • Tendergold
  • Yellow Baby
  • Yellow Doll
  •  Chiffon
  • Honeyheart

Side Effects of Watermelon:

Excess everything is wrong!

A higher amount of watermelon may cause some complication. As it contains substances which need to be consumed not more than recommended dosages.

Lycopene should be consumed not more than 30 mg/ per day. Otherwise, it may cause nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, and bloating.

A person diagnosed with serious hyperkalemia should not eat potassium much. Otherwise, it may cause some fatal complicated like Cardiac Arrest, Kidney Failure, Weakness according to mediaplus.gov

Nutrition Facts of Watermelon Seeds

Watermelon Seeds Dried 100 gm nutrition value are the following:

 

Nutrient Amount Unit
Calories557 kcal
Fat47.37 g
Protein28.33 g
Carbohydrate15.31 g
Retinol0 mcg
Vitamin A0 IU
Cholesterol0 mg
Hexadecenoic acid0.09 g
Copper, Cu0.686 mg
Octadecadienoic acid28.094 g
Manganese, Mn1.614 mg
Glycine1.663 g
Octadecenoic acid7.317 g
Water5.05 g
Hexadecanoic acid5.413 g
Serine1.508 g
Riboflavin0.145 mg
Niacin3.55 mg
Vitamin A, RAE0 mcg
Thiamin0.19 mg
Vitamin C0 mg
Vitamin D0 IU
Methionine0.834 g
Cystine0.438 g
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0 mcg
Lysine0.887 g
Threonine1.112 g
Isoleucine1.342 g
Tryptophan0.39 g
Zinc, Zn10.24 mg
Phenylalanine2.031 g
Ash3.94 g
Monounsaturated fatty acids7.407 g
Calcium, Ca54 mg
Iron, Fe7.28 mg
Magnesium, Mg515 mg
Phosphorus, P755 mg
Potassium, K648 mg
Sodium, Na99 mg
Octadecanoic acid4.299 g
Saturated fatty acids9.779 g
Leucine2.149 g
Tyrosine1.016 g
Histidine0.775 g
Glutamic acid5.699 g
Folate, food58 mcg
Vitamin B60.089 mg
Folate58 mcg
Pantothenic acid0.346 mg
Polyunsaturated fatty acids28.094 g
Arginine4.897 g
Valine1.556 g
Alanine1.492 g
Folate, DFE58 mcg
Vitamin B120 mcg
Aspartic acid2.764 g
Proline1.251 g
Folic acid0 mcg
# Downloaded from https://www.nutritionvalue.org

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